As West Germany was reorganised and gained independence from its occupiers, the German Democratic Republic was established in East Germany in 1949. The creation of the two states solidified the 1945 division of Germany.  On 10 March 1952, (in what would become known as the " Stalin Note ") Stalin put forth a proposal to reunify Germany with a policy of neutrality, with no conditions on economic policies and with guarantees for "the rights of man and basic freedoms, including freedom of speech, press, religious persuasion, political conviction, and assembly" and free activity of democratic parties and organizations.  This was turned down; reunification was not a priority for the leadership of West Germany, and the NATO powers declined the proposal, asserting that Germany should be able to join NATO and that such a negotiation with the Soviet Union would be seen as a capitulation. There have been several debates about whether a real chance for reunification had been missed in 1952.
Football is the most popular sport in Germany. The national team has won the FIFA World Cup 4 times ( 1954 , 1974 , 1990 and 2014 ), and appears in the finals a lot. The team also has had the most Euro titles than any other country. The top football league in Germany is Bundesliga . Also, the German Football Association ( Deutscher Fußball-Bund ) is the largest in the world. Some of the world's best Footballers came from Germany. These would include Miroslav Klose , Oliver Kahn , Gerd Müller , Michael Ballack , Bastian Schweinsteiger , Franz Beckenbauer , and so on. Plus, many tournaments have taken place in Germany. The most recent was the 2006 FIFA World Cup , and the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup . The Audi Cup takes place in Germany every year in Munich .